Characterization Of Lodging Variation Of Weedy Rice
Weedy rice (Oryza spp.), one of the vital infamous weeds of cultivated rice, evades eradication via stem lodging and seed shattering. Many research have centered on seed shattering, whereas variations in lodging have acquired much less attention and the underlying mechanisms that cause the variations in lodging between weedy and cultivated rice have not been studied intimately. Here, we in contrast lodging variation among various Chinese weedy rice strains and דירות דיסקרטיות בנתניה between weedy rice and co-occurring cultivated rice. The chemical composition of basal stems was decided, and transcriptome and methylome sequencing had been used to assess the variation in expression of lodging-related genes. The results confirmed that the degree of lodging various between indica-derived weed strains with excessive lodging levels, which occurred predominantly in southern China, and japonica-derived strains with decrease lodging levels, which had been found primarily within the north. The extra lodging-prone indica weedy rice had a smaller bending stress and decrease lignin content material than non-lodging accessions. In comparison to co-occurring cultivated rice, there was a decrease ratio of cellulose to lignin content within the lodging-prone weedy rice. Variation in DNA methylation of lignin synthesis-associated OsSWN1, OsMYBX9, OsPAL1, and Os4CL3 mediated the differences in their expression ranges and affected the ratio of cellulose to lignin content. Taken together, our results present that DNA methylation in lignin-related genes regulates variations in stem strength and lodging in weedy rice, דירות דיסקרטיות בחולון and between weed strains and co-occurring cultivated rice.
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